Information security provides guidelines to protect the confidentiality, integrity, and, availability of computer system data. And resources against those with malicious intentions. Data privacy is a part of information security that deals with the proper management. With the help of data concerning consent, notice, sensitivity and regulatory concerns.
Data privacy is all about being ensure that data is use in a correct manner. The difference between “information security” and “data privacy” is that the former is generic, and the latter is specific. ISO 27001:2013 ISMS or EU GDPR. Similarities such as both talk about confidentiality, integrity and availability of data.
And differences such as GDPR imposes the penalty for non-compliance and ISO 27001:2013 doesn’t imposes the penalty. And ISO 27001:2013 is easy to implement. ISO meant for International Standards Organization.
Similarities between GDPR and ISO 27001:2013 ISMS
In GDPR(General Data Protection Regulation) Article 5 Principles relating to the processing of personal data. And Article 32 Security of processing talks about preserving the confidentiality, integrity and availability of data.
Data Protection Impact Assessment and Prior Consultation define Risk assessment procedure. come under Article 35. Article 28 Processor, talks about an agreement with a supplier to process personal data. Notification of a personal data breach to the supervisory authority come under
Article 33. And Article 34 Communication of a personal data breach to the data subject talks about breach notification. Which it says that companies have to notify to the higher authority within 72 hours after a breach of personal data has been discovered.
Article 25 Data protections by design and by default talks about the measures being implement to protect personal data. Article 30 that is Records of processing activities states that asset management should be done by organizations. This is done to maintain records of processing activities and the categories of data.
Main purpose of ISO 27001:2013 ISMS
Though the main purpose is to preserve the confidentiality, availability, and integrity of data (Clause 4, Clause 6 and Clause 8). Clause 6 and Clause 8 define the method for risk assessment and management. Control A.15 supplier relationship talks about the monitoring and protecting supplier service delivery. Control A.16 from Annex A has defined as incident management guidelines and how to communicate such events. Clause 4 and clause 6 define the method of identification of the context of the organization and suggest preventive measures.
Dissimilarities between GDPR and ISO 27001:2013 ISMS
GDPR(General Data Protection Regulation) states about the penalty for non-compliance that’s up to 20 million Euros or 4% of annual global turnover, whichever is higher. Its scope is limited to the EU citizens and includes cloud security.
It also mentions privacy rights of the data subject such as, consent of data subject, data portability.
ISO 27001:2013 does not state about the penalty and privacy rights. It has a more extensive degree than GDPR as it applies to an organization’s basic information similar to individual information. The ISO standard can be utilize to ensure individual information just like other data. Likewise, GDPR covers some regions that ISO 27001 doesn’t, for example, the right to be forgotten, information transport ability and the privilege to given education about your own information.
ISO 27001:2013 and EU GDPR are two different compliance with a lot of similarities. Though, the purpose of these is standards and regulations are to strengthen the data security and prevent the risk of data breaches, and help the organizations to ensure confidentiality, integrity, and availability of personal sensitive data.
However, it ethically covers most prerequisites of the new law in a way that private information is perceive as a data security resource under this standard.