You commute to work can often play a role in determining your stress quotient at work. A recent study suggests cycling to office can help reduce stress and improve your work performance. Researchers Stephane Brutus, Roshan Javadian. Alexandra Panaccio compare how different modes of commuting – cycling. Driving a car and taking public transport – affect stress and mood at work.
Its results indicate that cycling to work is a good way to have a good day, says Brutus, the lead author. “Employees who use cycle to work show significantly lower levels of stress within the first 45 minutes of work than those who traveled by car,” he says.
The study did not, however, find any difference in the effect on mood. The research team collected data from 123 employees at Auto-desk, an information technology company in Old Montreal, using a web-based survey. Respondents replied to questions about their mood, perceived commuting stress and mode of travel.
The survey differentiated between perceived stress and mood, a more transient state affected by personality traits and emotions. The study only assessed answers from respondents who had completed the questionnaire within 45 minutes of arriving at work.
This was done to get a more ‘in-the-moment’ assessment of employees’ stress and mood. Brutus notes that this time specification was the study’s major innovation. “Recent research has shown that early morning stress and mood are strong predictors of their effect later in the day,” he explains. “They can shape how subsequent events are perceived, interpreted and acted upon for the rest of the day.”
Though he adds that the time specification ensured a more precise picture of stress upon arrival at work. Retrospective assessments can be color by stressors that occur later in the workday. “There are relatively few studies that compare the effective experiences of cyclists with those of car and public transport users,” says Brutus, an avid cyclist himself. “Our study was an attempt to address that gap.”
At the same time, the team confirmed previous research that found that cyclists perceived their commute as being less stressful than those who travel by car.
Cycling : Good Method of Transportation
Cycling is a relatively inexpensive mode of transportation and a good form of physical activity. A 2015 study from the Institute for Transportation. And Development Policy found that cycling can help reduce CO2 emissions from urban passenger transportation by 11% by 2050. Brutus points out that 6% of Canadians cycle to work in 2011 and the number is only growing.
There is potential for public policy makers to seize on this, he adds. “With growing concerns about traffic congestion and pollution, governments are increasingly promoting non-motorized alternative modes of transport, such as walking and cycling.
I can only hope that further studies will follow our lead. And develop more precise and deliberate research into this phenomenon”. However the study was publish in the International Journal of Workplace Health Management.